Dear Aspirants, Notesbag is sharing with you all the important current affairs of 18th October 2019. Our aim to provide you up to date current affairs for the preparation of upcoming competitive exams.
(1) Karnataka (Major States), Delhi (UT), & Sikkim (NE and Hill states) Topped in NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index 2019.
- NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner released the India Innovation Index (III) 2019. Karnataka is the most innovative major state in India. Sikkim and Delhi take the top spots among the north- eastern & hill states, and union territories/city states/small states respectively.
- Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh are the most efficient states in translating inputs into output.
- The index attempts to create an extensive framework for the continual evaluation of the innovation environment of 29 states and seven union territories in India and intends to perform the following three functions- 1) ranking of states and UTs based on their index scores, 2) recognizing opportunities and challenges, and 3) assisting in tailoring governmental policies to foster innovation.
(2) President Kovind embarked on two-nation visit to Philippines and Japan.
- President Ram Nath Kovind embarked upon a two-nation state visit to Philippines and Japan from October 17th to 23rd. India and Philippines will be celebrating 70 years of diplomatic relations this year. The main focus of the Philippines visit will be on strengthening economic ties.
- The trade between the two nations has grown by 17% and currently stands at $2.3 billion, with India exporting goods worth $1.7 billion.
- During the second leg of his visit, the President will visit Tokyo for the Enthronement Ceremony of the Emperor of Japan, Naruhito. During his visit, he will also meet the heads of states of other nations who will attend the ceremony.
(3) Commemorative stamp on centenary of NIN released.
- Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Harsh Vardhan released a postal stamp to commemorate the centenary celebrations of the city-based ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) at a function held at Indian Council of Medical Research in New Delhi.
- The postal stamp has been brought out under the ‘Corporate My Stamp’ scheme of India Posts. About 5,000 stamps with a face value of ₹5 each have been printed and the India Posts would print an additional 1,000 sheets for sale online at the e-post office and for display and sale at national and global philately exhibitions by the Department.
(4) India-Bangladesh rail links closed after 1965 war with Pakistan will reopen.
- Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina announced that all the rail links with India closed after the 1965 war will be reopened.
- The first rail line between India and Dhaka was opened in 2008 when Maitree express between Dhaka and Kolkata was started. In 2017 Bandhan express was also started between Kolkata and Khulna.
- Trains from Bangladesh to Darjeeling via Siliguri operated till 1965. Indian Railways has already restored the tracks up to international border till Haldibari station.
(5) UAE announced establishment of 1st graduate-level, research-based AI university in world.
- UAE announced the establishment of the Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence (MBZUAI), the first graduate-level, research-based AI university in the world.
- MBZUAI will enable graduate students, businesses and governments to advance the artificial intelligence field.
- The University is named after Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, who has long advocated for the UAE’s development of human capital through knowledge and scientific thinking to take the nation into the future.
(6) Tamil Nadu formed two panels for holding discussions with Kerala on sharing of waters.
- The Tamil Nadu Government has formed two panels for holding discussions with Kerala relating to the Parambikulam-Aliyar Project (PAP) and the Pandiyar-Punnampuzha project.
- The Chief Ministers of both the states met in Kerala capital Thiruvananthapuram last month over the issue. They decided to form two panels with the participation of five members from each side to hold talks on sharing of waters through two of the major water-sharing projects between the two neighbouring states.
- Secretary of Tamil Nadu’s Public Works Department (PWD) K. Manivasan would lead both the committees constituted by the State government. Cauvery Technical Committee chairperson R. Subramanian is also part of both the panels.
(7) Satya Pal Malik inaugurated J&K Bazar.
- Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik has inaugurated J&K Bazar. J&K Bazar is a retail showroom of authentic Jammu Kashmir Handicrafts, Handlooms, Silk, Agro-based products and Restaurant serving Authentic Kashmiri Cuisine at J&K House in New Delhi. The newly constructed state-of-the-art showroom is for promoting J&K specific products of handicrafts and authentic cuisine.
- The newly inaugurated showroom shall cater to the people who cherish the Kashmiri handicraft and relish the traditional Kashmiri food which is now available in the heart of Delhi. Other handicraft products in the showroom which are on display include-Paper Mache items, carved walnut-wood items, Pashmina shawls and Kashmiri embroidery sarees.
(8) Kapurthala-Taran Taran road declared as NH- 703 A A & named as Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg.
- The road starting from Kapurthala connecting Goindwal Sahib and terminating near Taran Taran in Punjab has been declared as new National Highway – 703 A A and named as Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg.
- The naming would be effective from next month. The decision has been taken to mark the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Dev.
(9) CM Kamal Nath inaugurated “Magnificent Madhya Pradesh Conference”.
- Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Kamal Nath formally inaugurated the 2-day Magnificent Madhya Pradesh Conference started. Many well-known industrialists are attending this conference held in Indore.
- The event showcasing various opportunities that exist in the state in variegated sectors, including food processing, pharmaceuticals, textile and garment, warehousing and logistics, IT & ESDM, urban development and renewable energy. Chief Minister Kamal Nath also inaugurated the Global Trade Exhibition at the Brilliant Convention Centre, Indore.
(10) Odisha’s first Robot Restaurant opened in Bhubaneswar.
- The Robot Restaurant opened at the Infocity DLF tower of Bhubaneswar claims to be the first restaurant in Eastern India where two indigenously developed robots, ‘Champa’ and ‘Chameli’ are engaged.
- Earlier Chennai and Bengaluru had introduced smart restraunts with robots machines imported from China.
- The robots are developed at a Jaipur-based start up using SLAM technology, and It automatically navigates like humans, follows the routes and instructions. Not only this, after serving the food, the robots will also ask you for feedback in Odia that ‘Are you happy’, as the dialogue by CM of Odisha Naveen Pattnaik has gained popularity among masses.
Banking & Finance
(11) Home Credit India joined hand with Karur Vysya Bank for joint lending.
- Home Credit India (HCIN), a local arm of the international consumer finance provider, has tied-up with Karur Vysya Bank (KVB) for joint lending using end-to-end automated processing which will help the customer get real-time approval and disbursement.
- Under the agreement, HCIN and KVB will disburse loans in a single amount to customers. With this partnership and by leveraging the lower cost of funds of KVB, Home Credit India will be able to reach out to a new segment of customer. Home Credit India has operations spread over 179 cities across 20 States in India.
(12) IAF Started Joint Exercise with Oman.
- Indian Air Force is participating in a Bilateral Joint Exercise with Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO), named EX-EASTERN BRIDGE-V, at Air Force Base Masirah in Oman.
- The last exercise, EX-EASTERN BRIDGE-IV was held in 2017 at Jamnagar. For the first time, MiG-29 fighter aircraft will be participating in an International Exercise outside India.
(13) India, Japan joint Air Force exercise ‘Shinyuu Maitri’ 2019 began in West Bengal.
- Indian Air Force and Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) carrying out a joint military air force exercise named ‘Shinyuu Maitri’ began from October 17 to 23, at the air force station, Arjan Singh in Panagarh town in West Bengal. C-130 J aircraft of the Special Operations Squadron of IAF and C-130 H of Tactical Airlift Squadron of JASDF will participate in the exercise. The focus of the exercise will be to undertake Joint Mobility and Tactical interoperability among the two forces.
(14) Hong Kong’s orchestra wins “Orchestra of the year award 2019” at Gramophone Awards.
- Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra has been named orchestra of the year at the 2019 Gramophone Awards. The group is the first Asian orchestra to win the award, a fact noted by its Dutch-born conductor Van Zweden, who has been its Music Director since 2012. The category is the only one of the classical music magazine’s awards open to the public vote. This award is often likened to the Oscars for the classical music world.
(15) India ranked 82 in the 2019 World Giving Index.
India ranked 82 spots among the 128 countries surveyed in the World Giving Index (WGI). The average figures for India over the past decade show that 34 percent people helped a stranger, 24 percent donated money and 19 percent volunteered or donated their time. According to the WGI, the USA stood at the top followed Myanmar, New Zealand and Australia.